October 26, 2016

ஓமானில் விற்பனை செய்யப்படும், இலங்கை பெண்கள்


இலங்கை உட்பட்ட பல நாடுகளின் பெண்களை ஓமானில் 1500 ரியால்களுக்கு விற்பனை செய்யும் நடவடிக்கைகள் மேற்கொள்ளப்படுவதாக தகவல்கள் வெளியாகியுள்ளன.

டைம்ஸ் ஒப் ஓமான் என்ற செய்தித்தாள் இதனை தெரிவித்துள்ளது.

பொதுவாக ஓமானை பொறுத்தவரையில் வீட்டுப்பணிப்பெண்களை நாட்டுக்குள் அழைத்து வருவதற்கு உரிய சட்டமுறைகள் உள்ளன.

எனினும் அதனை மீறி ஒமானில் பெண்கள் சட்டவிரோதமாக வீட்டுப்பணிகளில் ஈடுபடுத்தப்படுவதாக தெரிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

இவ்வாறு வீட்டுப்பணிகளில் ஈடுபடுத்தப்படும் பெண்களுக்கு மாதாந்த சம்பளமாக 80 ரியால்கள் மாத்திரமே வழங்கப்பட்டு வருகின்றன.

அனுபவம் வாய்ந்தவர்களுக்கு 100 முதல் 120 ரியால்கள் வழங்கப்படுகின்றன என்றும் ஓமானிய டைம்ஸ் குறிப்பிட்டுள்ளது.

Muscat: Housemaids are being traded illegally by expatriate agents in an Omani town for less than OMR1,500.

Agents in Sohar speak openly of skipping official government and embassy procedures to provide expatriate women to work as housemaids in Oman Get your essential daily briefing delivered direct to your email inbox with our e-newsletter 
Housemaids from Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Philippines and African countries can be hired from Sohar easily either on a two-year contract or over a shorter period - without embassies ever knowing. Under Omani law, all housemaid contracts in Oman must be registered with the government and the embassy of the housemaid.
“I have my own way to deal with embassies. You don’t have to go to embassies. We will take care of everything. You have to pay only OMR1,200 and feel free to choose one from the CVs here,” one agent in a Sohar office told our reporter. The agent produced the CVs of a few Indian housemaids from Andhra Pradesh, complete with their pictures, ages and other private details.
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The agents spoken to by Times of Oman offered catalogues of women complete with photographs and details of age and nationality.
“I have agencies in India. I can do it for you,” one agent added.
He even said that women from Hyderabad are “not good” but those from Andhra “will work hard”.
Another agent in the same street said that housemaids can be arranged for six months or shorter period without processing any papers. Our reporter was told to simply pay OMR200 as a fee to the agent.
“If you need a housemaid for a shorter period, there is no need for maudinya (visa clearance). We will arrange housemaids in Muscat. I will give the number of an agent in Muscat. Just talk to her and fix the salary,” the agent said.
Yet another agent in the same Sohar street said that he could supply Sri Lankan housemaids fast with no need to go through the embassy.
“We need salary details, maudinyia and ID card. We can bring housemaids. You can choose which one you want. No need to go to embassy. We will do that,” the agent said.
For an inexperienced housemaid, the monthly salary would be OMR80, and for an experienced one it would range between OMR100 and OMR120, the agents said.
However, the standard salaries set for housemaids by sending countries are much higher than this and visa checks involving embassies, governments and host country foreign affairs office have to be carried out before anyone in Oman can legally recruit a housemaid.
An official from the Sri Lankan embassy, while detailing the registration procedures to recruit housemaids from Lanka, said that the embassy’s involvement is must.
“Agencies can recruit housemaids but job order and other papers have to be attested by embassy here and employment bureau in Lanka. Without approval from all sides, a Lankan housemaid cannot be legally hired,” the official said.
“We have come across around 70 cases of housemaids brought into Oman illegally by agents this year. We were worried and sought the help of Oman government. They have taken necessary steps to prevent it and the numbers of housemaids coming illegally have come down,” the official added.
According to the official, earlier, housemaids could come to Oman on a visit visa and convert that into a job visa.
“However, it was stopped. Now, housemaids come to neighboring countries on visit visas and then they enter Oman. They don’t know that they are duped,” the official said, adding that officially, it will cost OMR1,500 to recruit a Lankan housemaid.
The official added that recently, three such cases have come to light even after the strict measures taken by Oman government.
“We are planning to make representations with Oman government authorities again,” the official added.
A social worker in Sohar, on condition of anonymity, said that it is quite easy to hire a housemaid in Sohar without going through official norms.
“Women are coming to UAE on visit visas and then they are brought to Oman most often illegally. “Sending country governments should adopt strict measures to stop this,” the social worker, who had rescued 13 trapped women during the last few months, said.
Recently, an Indian woman who came to Ajman in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was forcefully brought to Oman to work as a housemaid.
The housemaid was rescued by a social worker from Sohar and moved to the embassy. She had endured sexual assault, beatings and had her passport and phone taken away from her before being kept prisoner by a trafficking gang.
The housemaid was duped by an Indian agent in Mumbai and sent to the UAE.
Rafeek Ravuther, an Indian migrants rights activist, said that more than the host country, the sending country should adopt strict measures to avoid such tragedies.
“Most often women are duped by home country agents. Immigration officials in the sending country should act more strictly. They should check everything in detail before allowing a woman to board a flight for an overseas job,” Rafeek added.

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